The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in adult emergency department patients

From MDLinx:

Researchers examined adult patients who present to the emergency department for medical care for the prevalence of eating disorders. Further, they investigated if there was any association between eating disorders, depression, and substance use disorders. A computerized questionnaire with validated screening tools for eating disorders, risky drinking behavior, other substance use, and depression was completed by emergency department patients aged 21–65 years (n = 1,795). Positive screening results for an eating disorder were reported in almost 16% (15.9%) of all patients, unrelated to their reason for presenting to the emergency department. Patients were significantly more likely to have a BMI > 30, to also screen positive for depression and to be female if they screened positive for an eating disorder. As per these findings, adult emergency department patients commonly display eating disorders and are linked with high rates of comorbid depression and higher BMI. They recommend screening for eating disorders in the emergency department due to the significant morbidity and mortality associated with it.

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