Hands-Only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Education: A Comparison of On-Screen With Compression Feedback, Classroom, and Video Education

From the Annals of Emergency Medicine:

Study objective

We compare 3 methods of hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education, using performance scores. A paucity of research exists on the comparative effectiveness of different types of hands-only CPR education. This study also includes a novel kiosk approach that has not previously been studied, to our knowledge.

Methods

A randomized, controlled study compared participant scores on 4 hands-only CPR outcome measures after education with a 25- to 45-minute practice-while-watching classroom session (classroom), 4-minute on-screen feedback and practice session (kiosk), and 1-minute video viewing (video only). Participants took a 30-second compression test after initial training and again after 3 months.

Results

After the initial education session, the video-only group had a lower total score (compressions correct on hand placement, rate, and depth) (–9.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] –16.5 to –3.0) than the classroom group. There were no significant differences on total score between classroom and kiosk participants. Additional outcome scores help explain which components negatively affect total score for each education method. The video-only group had lower compression depth scores (–9.9; 95% CI –14.0 to –5.7) than the classroom group. The kiosk group outperformed the classroom group on hand position score (4.9; 95% CI 1.3 to 8.6) but scored lower on compression depth score (–5.6; 95% CI –9.5 to –1.8). The change in 4 outcome variables was not significantly different across education type at 3-month follow-up.

Conclusion

Participants exposed to the kiosk session and those exposed to classroom education performed hands-only CPR similarly, and both groups showed skill performance superior to that of participants watching only a video. With regular retraining to prevent skills decay, the efficient and free hands-only CPR training kiosk has the potential to increase bystander intervention and improve survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Nurse attacked with stun gun in South Carolina hospital ER

From Becker’s:

During the course of the altercation, Mr. Cahill allegedly tried to fight several hospital workers, including security staff members, according to ABC News 4. He allegedly took a stun gun from a security guard’s holster and fired it, striking a nurse. He also allegedly bit another woman, according to The Post and Courier.

In addition to facing criminal charges, Mr. Cahill was committed for a mental evaluation, according to the report.